106th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
The 106th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment (106th NY) was raised in St. Lawrence and Franklin Counties, New York in July 1862 in response to President Lincoln's call for 300,000 more volunteers. Trained at Camp Wheeler, Ogdensburg, NY and mustered into U.S. service in August 1862, the regiment was assigned to garrison duty guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in (West) Virginia until July 1863 when, in the aftermath of the Gettysburg campaign, the 106th NY joined the Third Corps of the Army of the Potomac. Reassigned to the Sixth Corps during the spring 1864 army reorganization, the 106th NY participated in Grant's campaign against Lee and Richmond, suffering its worst casualties of the war at Cold Harbor, VA in June 1864. After serious losses at Monocacy, MD in July 1864, the regiment was active in the Shenandoah Valley campaign against Confederate General Early, the siege of Petersburg over the winter of 1864/1865 and the final pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to its surrender at Appomattox. The 106th NY was mustered out of service in June 1865 and enjoyed a triumphant return home that same month. The regiment lost over 300 officers and enlisted men killed, mortally wounded, missing or died of sickness out of the nearly 1400 men who initially formed the regiment or joined during the war.
After the war, while the former soldiers celebrated their war experiences through reminiscences, reunions, and the Grand Army of the Republic veterans organization, apparently no one ever wrote a regimental history of the 106th NY. Dornbusch's Regimental Publications and Personal Narratives of the Civil War lists only two publications related to the 106th NY; both (described in a later section) deal solely with tributes to individual soldiers who died during the war. Accordingly, this work is an effort to document all the resources available for research on the 106th NY.
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